12 Jun 2017

The Botanical Garden In Lisbon: This Is Not Just About Botany

The Botanical Garden In Lisbon: This Is Not Just About Botany

There are many parks in Lisbon, for example: Parque Eduardo VII, Parque dos Poetas, Parque Principe Real, but the largest park in the city is the Botanical Garden. Every day many tourists and residents of Lisbon come to the Botanical Garden to admire outlandish plants and flowers, take a walk in the park, to see beautiful birds and enjoy the atmosphere of the ancient times’ antiquity. Greenhouses, a collection of plants, which has preserved amazing specimens to nowadays, and three fountains, together with beautiful peacocks, which are sitting on the branches, dangling their tails are making this place a true national treasure. For the economy of your time, hire a car in Lisbon Airport.

In the capital of Portugal, near the Praça do Comercio and the ancient University of Lisbon, the oldest Botanical Garden is located. The idea of ​​creating a botanical garden was given by the Polytechnic School of Lisbon in 1859. The garden was necessarily needed for the school to carry out various research works in it. The works on the construction of the Botanical Garden in Lisbon were started in 1873.

The Botanical Garden In Lisbon: This Is Not Just About Botany

On the uppermost part of the Botanical Garden, dicotyledons, magnolias, gymnosperm conifers and ferns were planted. In 1876, on the lower part of the Botanical Garden, a palm alley was planted, there is also a large lake, in the center of which, is situated a beautiful sculptural fountain. The lake is inhabited by waterfowls and various aquatic exotic plants. Forty species of eucalyptus are planted in the garden.

The Botanical Garden in Lisbon looks like a beautiful park. The garden has an ideal symmetry, emphasizing the French and Italian styles of landscape design.

In addition to many beautiful, unique plants, the most rare and unusual flowers grow here, there is a large number of exotic birds. For the public at large, this Botanical Garden was opened in 1878. During each year, an amazing collection of different tropical plants was gathered in the garden. They were brought from different countries: Australia, Japan, New Zealand, South America and many others.

There are a chemical laboratory, a history museum and the House of Arts near the Royal Ajuda Botanical Garden. It has rather become a research laboratory, than a garden with beautiful decorations.

The main pride of the Botanical Garden is dracaena, which is 400 years old. It was taken to the garden directly from the island of Madeira. In addition, there is an ancient fountain of 18th century, made in a marine style. In those days, it was customary to arrange gardens in the same style, with strict symmetry, following the pattern of Italian or French palace parks.

The Botanical Garden In Lisbon: This Is Not Just About Botany

To design the Royal Botanical Gardens, Italian naturalist, future professor of the University of Coimbra, Domingos Vandelli was invited. He had very significantly filled the garden collection with plants from his native city of Padua.

Located in two levels, the Botanical Garden looks like real court park. From the top terrace, there is a nice view over the surrounding area. It is best to observe the baroque boxwood gardens exactly from that spot. The paths between the parterre of the park, resembling a labyrinth, are strewn with gravel. In the center of the boxwood partners, there is the main fountain of the Royal Botanical Gardens – Fonte das 40 Bicas. Built in the XVIII century, it is replete with sculptures of fantastic animals.

Walking on the lower terrace it is easy to imagine yourself a guest of the Portuguese royal court.

Now the Royal Botanic Garden of Ajuda is one of Lisbon’s most popular historic gardens. Fortunately, the Portuguese climate is favorable for many species, which are growing here. People come here in order to rest from the vanity of the capital city, to wander about through the ancient alleys, to admire the collections of plants from every corner of the globe.

Not all periods of garden’s existence were successful – the collection, having more than 5000 species in the best years, a couple of times was reduced even to 1200 species.

Huge damage to the botanical garden was caused by the Napoleonic invasion in 1808. Funds for research and maintenance of the garden were extremely curtailed; most of its collections was destroyed. Felix de Avelar Brotero, who was the director of the garden until 1828, with the support of King John VI, was able to recreate the collection at the end of the hard times. According to the king’s decree, every Thursday, if only it was not a holy day, everyone had an opportunity to observe the garden collections.

Unfortunately, because of the new decline in the country, in 1836 the Botanical Garden was transferred to the administration of the Academy of Sciences. As a result, from a decorative collection, it was transformed into a research laboratory for the study of seeds and plants.

The 1960th were no less tragic in the history of the Botanical Garden – the strongest hurricane caused great destruction. The reconstruction work took more than one decade and ended only in 2002.

The Botanical Garden In Lisbon: This Is Not Just About Botany

Nevertheless, now the garden looks beautiful and, perhaps, even sumptuous. But in Lisbon, everything looks this way – the atmosphere of the Portuguese capital is full of contrasts – covered with moss, the eternal companion of maritime cities, the ancient coziness of once prosperous city, the centuries-old traditions and the cheerful optimism would enslave your heart.

12 Dec 2016

Art Of Gardening: Interesting Gardens In Porto

Art Of Gardening: Interesting Gardens In Porto

Porto has its own green lungs in the territory of 83 hectares – Central City Park. The city also has beautiful and romantic gardens and cozy green squares. The central squares and open terraces are obligate components of the city landscape. New and new shops are opened in this territory all over the city. People appoint their meetings during the day and enjoy nature.

Central City Park

The city park is the lungs of Porto and the biggest city park of the country. It takes about 83 hectares, going out to the Atlantic coast. The park was created according to Sidonio Pardal’s project. The park was opened in 1993; the latest part of it was opened in 2002. The park was assigned the best gardening objects of Portugal of the 20th century. You can find beautiful village landscape in the park and nice hidden places for picnic or playing games with kids. More than 10 kilometers of lawns, lakes, flora and fauna and interesting sport equipment make this place the best park than you’ve ever met.

A day in the park

Kalem Garden

The garden is situated in the outflow of the River Douro. This little park is very pleasant place to enjoy sunset. There is a beautiful place river, fishing village and South seashore, where the birds live. Kalem is full of high trees, monuments, beautiful sculptures. The best of them is sculpture of Michael the Archangel that you can meet on the go.

Infante Dom Henrique Square

You should hire a car in Porto and go on course to Ribeira. There are many city sights of your way. This is the place of Palacio da Bolsa, property of Porto Commercial Association, the ex-building of Ferreira Borges market, where the HardClub is placed. The next place to stop is ancient sculpture that was built in 1894. This is the statue to infant (Henry the Navigator) and big globe on it. This monument is a part of Portuguese history, symbolizing the truth of opening.

Virtudes Garden

The municipal park is placed in territory of ex-gardening company of Porto. The plan of the park was elaborated by Jose Marquez Loureiro (1830-1898). This is a unique vertical garden that is situated in the center of Porto, a couple of meters from the Tower of Clerigos. The garden was bought by Porto government in 1965. The park was restored in 1998. You can see a unique panoramic view to the river, Porto customs building, Vila Nova de Gaia.

Corse - les Calanches 116

Moreda Garden

This is a not big garden, covered with grass. You can see the unique monument to the local merchant. Actually, the garden crosses the territory of Santos Pousada – main transport artery that was named after the prominent person – mason and republican. This is a great chance to learn the history.

Quinta da Prelada

The villa Prelada consists of hegumene’s house and park around it. The landscape complex was created by Italian architect Niccolo Nasoni. Prelada Villa and territories were the property of prominent families of the 20th century. The owners presented the garden and villa to Porto government. The building was restored and renewed to become the cultural center of the city. The garden boasts with the biggest labyrinth in Iberian Peninsula. The garden is spread along the VCI Road. The road crosses the villa territory into two parts. The garden looks really beautiful.

Palacio de Cristal Gardens

The palace and garden occupies the territory of 8 hectares in the center of the city. The gardens are called romantic. They were projected in the 19th century by German architect-naturalist David Emile. The palace building is made of granite, steel and glass. The territory was renewed and changed a lot. Nothing but David Emile Garden with forest trees, terraces, speaks about the original landscape.

The most interesting feature of this garden is panoramic views from different observation platforms. You can see unique botanic collection that plays an important role for learning culture. There is also a Center of Ecology Education right here.

Porto

Allen’s Villa

This place is one of many villas to have a good rest there. The territory lies around the city, beginning from the 18th-19th century. The villa belongs to Allen family. The English merchant John Allen bought this place from auction. The big territory has beautiful house – the building of unique ecology architecture typical for romanticism of the 20th century and interesting gardens. The gardens are the samples of different landscape and gardening directions. The ancient formalism is combined with garden lawns and pathways crossing the territory here and there.

The garden is full of ancient sculptures, fountains and places for party picnics. Allens allow visiting their houses and gardens. They help to take interesting events in their territory to sell plants. The architecture composition was proclaimed as the object of special attention in 2010. This is the place of high interest.

Carregal Garden

The garden is considered to be the last romantic place in Porto. It was founded in 1897. It differs from the rest of green gardens with its beautiful lakes, nice bridge over the lake, big trees around. The garden looks like the mountain forest: cedar trees, pine and sequoia trees. There is a sculpture to prominent person, doctor, teacher, explorer and artist Abel Salazar Garcia. The Abel’s name was awarded to one of Porto Universities. There is a hospital of St. Antonio and National Museum in the park territory.

Queen’s Amelie Square

The nice cozy garden square is situated in the big square of Queen Amelie. This is the nice cozy green space with the variety of trees, green lawns, season flowers and flower beds. This is the best place to have meeting during the day.

Baskets in the park

Pena Garden

This is the part of romantic routs of Portugal. It is situated along the touristic routes in Marselush Valley. This route was included to meet the program of European cultural capital. The variety of trees is impressive. There is ancient palm that was the first tree on an island. The park is full of trees, lawns, flowerbeds and wooden benches.